Translation of P. Jaffé and F. Kaltenbrunner, Regesta Pontificum Romanorum Ab Condita Ecclesia Ad Annum Post Christum Natum MCXCVIII, 2nd ed. (Leipzig, 1885), pp. 29-32.
The first edition of Jaffe-Kaltenbrunner used a different numbering system than the second edition, translated here. Extant letters considered genuine were listed in one numbering system, and letters considered false were listen in another. In the second edition of the Regesta, both genuine and spurious letters are included in one numbering system. A dagger (†) before a letter number indicates that the letter is considered false by Jaffe-Kaltenbrunner.
In addition, an Arabic numeral in parentheses following the letter number indicates the letter’s number in the first edition’s list of extant genuine letters, e.g., Letter 209 (40). A Roman numeral in parentheses following the letter number indicated the letter’s number in the first edition’s list of false letters, e.g., Letter †207 (CLI)
Record of the Roman Bishop Julius (337-352)
February 6th – Julius enters the pontificate “in the consulship of Felicianus and Titianus, on the 8th day before the Ides of February” (Liberian Catalogue, Mommsen edition, p. 637).
Letter 182 (28) not extant. Julius summons the Eusebians to a council, at which their hostile relations with Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria, should be reconciled, at the arrival of their delegates, the priest Macarius, and the deacons Martyrius and Hesychius. Mentioned in Letter 186 below; cf.: Athanasius, Hist. Ar. 9 (English: Robinson, p. 272).
Letter 183 (29) not extant. Julius summons Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria, to the council. Mentioned in Letter 186 below; Athanasius, Hist. Ar. 9 (English: Robinson, p. 272)
Letter 184 (30) not extant. Julius invites the Eusebians to the synod which is to be held (celebrandam) at the appointed time in Rome, sending the letter along with the priests Elpidius and Philoxenus. Mentioned in Letter 186 below; Athanasius, Apologia contra Arianos 20, (English: Robinson, p. 110); Hist. Ar. 11 (English: Robinson p. 273).
Letter 185 (31) not extant. Julius summons defenders of the bishops Athanasius of Alexandria and Marcellus of Ancyra to the Roman council. Mentioned in Letter 186 below and Theodoret, Hist. eccl. book 2, section 3 (English: Jackson p. 66).
Rome -A Synod of more than 50 bishops is held, in which Athanasius of Alexandria and Marcellus of Ancyra are cleared (absoluuntur) of the charges which the Eusebians had brought against them. Mentioned in Letter 186 below; Athanasius, Apologia contra Arianos 1 and 20, (English: Robinson, 100, 110); Hist. Ar. 15 (English: Robinson, p. 274); (Hefele, vol. 1, p. 499).
Letter 186 (32) Incipit: Ἀνέγνων τὰ γράμματα / Legi litteras [Thompson no. 2; CPL 1627] Julius writes to Danius, Flacillus, Narcissus, Eusebius, Maris, Macedonius, Theodorus, and their allies. He censures them both in regards to the insolent letter they sent from Antioch with Elpidius and Philoxenus, and because they did not come to the council when requested to attend by Marcarius the priest and the deacons Martyrius and Hesychius, whom they themselves had sent. He does not accept their excuses. He examines the reasoning behind their actions. He defends the bishops Athanasius and Marcellus. He announces what was done in the council which was held [in Rome]. He advises them to put an end to their discord and to come visit him. (The letter is sent with Gabianus). Athanasius, Apologia contra Arianos 21-36 (English: Robinson pp. 111-19).
Julius sends his delegates, the priests Archidamus and Philoxenus, to the Council of Sardica. Athanasius, Apologia contra Arianos 50 (English: Robinson p. 126); cf. Mansi, vol. 3, col. 66.
Letter 188 (34) Incipit: Συγχαίρω κἀγὼ / Gratulor et ipse [Thompson no. 5] Julius congratulates the priests, deacons, and people of Alexandria on the return of Athanasius to them. Athanasius, Apol. contra Arianos 52-54 (English: Robinson pp. 128-29); Socrates, H.e. 2.23.15-32 (English: Zenos, pp. 50-51).
A council is held, in which the condemnation of Phontinus is confirmed, which had been promulgated since 343 at Milan. It is uncertain whether this was held in Rome or Milan. Acta, Mansi vol. 3, col. 163. See Hilary, Frag. Hist. B.II.6; Cf. Hefele vol. 1, p. 638.
[19 forgeries listed - to be translated at a later date]
April 12, Julius dies. “On April 12th, in the 5th consulship of Constantius and the first of Emperor Constantius,” according to the Liberian Catalogue 1.1. The Depositio episcoporum gives the same day, (ed. Mommson, p. 631), adding: “in via Aurelia miliario Ill. in Calisti”. So Julius held office for 15 years, 2 months, and 7 days. But the catalogue says he held office 15 years, 1 month, and 11 days, the Catalogus Corbeiensis (Mabillon Vet. edition, p. 218): 15 years, 2 months, 8 days; Jerome in his Chronicon (ed. Schoene, p. 192; under year 331 AD): 16 years, 4 months.
Julius is succeeded by Liberius.
Translated and created by AJW
No Responses yet