Rule of Pachomius and Pachomian Monasteries

Pachomius had an incalculable impact on the future of monasticism. Not only did he found many monasteries in Upper and Lower Egypt, but he also wrote the basic rules that monasteries would follow, which later became known as the Rule of Pachomius or the Pachomian Rules. These rules were compiled over a period of time and provided detailed order and structure for the Pachomian monasteries. Eventually the Rules were translated into Latin to be applied to other monastic societies that were forming around the world.

This diagram was drawn as an interpretation of the Pachomian Rules as listed in the book Christianity in Late Antiquity by Bart D Ehrman and Andrew S. Jacobs, 2004.  The translation used in this book is from Pachomian Koinonia, Vol. 2: Pachomian Chronicles and Rules translated by Armand Veilleux, (Kalamazoo, MI:  Cistercian Publishing, 1981).  This map is how a Pachomian monastery was likely to be laid out.  Conclusions were drawn from the rules themselves but can be interpreted differently. 

                                                 references to these positions in the Pachomian rule

1. Synaxis
2. Refectory/Dining hall
3. Alcove
4. Kitchen
5. Bakery
6. Oven
7. Infirmary
8. Shops
9. House/Dorms/Cells
10. Guest House
11. Guest house wall
12. Outer wall
13. Orchard
14. Fields
15. Secluded residencies
16. Boat
17. Door
18. Seats in Synaxis
19. Altar
20. Store Room
21. Garden
22. Mountain

Related pages:

Created by RMS