Hilary of Poitiers (c. 310-c.368) became Bishop of Poitiers about 350. In 356/7 at the Council of Baeterrae (modern Béziers in southern France), when Hilary refused to be pressured into signing an arianizing creed and in condemning Athanasius, he was condemned and exiled to Phrygia. In 360 when Julian became Augustus, Hilary was among the bishops allowed to return to their sees. Hilary then worked with Eusebius of Vercellae in reclaiming Gaul and northern Italy for Nicene theology. One of his disciples was Martin, the future bishop of Tours. Hilary died in Poitiers c. 368. Hilary’s On the Trinity, his most significant work, was the first study in the Latin church to use both Eastern and Western theology in rejecting the arguments of the opponents of Nicaea. His Commentary on the Psalms is based on Origen’s lost work on the Psalms.
Information used for the table below was taken from E. Dekkers, Clavis Patrum Latinorum (Vienna 1995) and Claudio Moreschini and Enrico Norelli. Early Christian Greek and Latin Literature A Literary History. Matthew O’Connell, trans. (Peabody, Mass. 2005). pp. 252-61, and follows the order proposed in the latter.
|353-355||Commentary on Matthew||430|
|356-366||Fragmentary History (Also known as Book against Valens and Ursacius, containing the First Book to Emperor Constantius)||436|
|359||On the Synods, or, On the Faith of the Easterners||434|
|356-360||Answers in His Own Defense to Criticism of His Book on Synods (only fragments extant)||435|
|356-360||On the Trinity (also known as Against the Arians or On the Faith)||433|
|360||Second Book to Emperor Constantius||460|
|after 360||Against Auxentius||462|
|c. 365||Commentary on the Psalms||428|
|after 360||Treatise on the Book of Job (only fragments extent)||429|
|after 360||Book of the Mysteries||427|
|after 360||Book to the Prefect Sallustius/Against Dioscurus (no longer extant)||-|
|-||Exposition on Paul’s Letters to Timothy (only fragments extant)||431|
|after 360||Against Julian (only fragments extant)||432|
|-||Three Hymns from the Codex Aretinus||463|
Clark, M. “Hilary of Poitiers.” In Encyclopedia of Early Christianity. Edited by Everett Ferguson. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc. 1990.
H.R. Drobner, The Fathers of the Church: A Comprehensive Introduction , S.S. Schatzmann, trans., W. Harmless and H.R. Drobner, revisions (Peabody, Mass: Hendrickson Publishers, 2007).
Simonetti, M. “Hilary of Poitiers.” In Encyclopedia of the Early Church . Edited by Angelo Di Berardino. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
created by AJW, revised by JJW
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