Reference Dok. 16; Urk. 2; CPG 2046
Incipit Καλῶς φρονῶν εὔχου πάντας
Date c. 324
Ancient source Athanasius, De Synodis 17.2
Modern edition AW  2.7:244; AW 3.1:3

This letter fragment from Eusebius of Nicomedia to Arius, preserved in passing by Athanasius, appears to be part of the reply to Dok. 15/Urk. 1. Opitz thus placed it in 318, and Rowan Williams and Sarah Parvis place the letter in 321/322. Heil (AW 3.3:33) places Dok. 15 even later, i.e. during Licinius’s ban on church synods (323-324). In the sentence that precedes the citation, Athanasius mentions other supporters of Arius who made similar christological statements before Nicaea, mentioning as “Eusebius’s fellows” Narcissus (of Neronias), Patrophilus (of Scythopolis), Maris (of Chalcedon), Paulinus (of Tyre), Theodotus (of Laodicea in Syria), and Athanasius (of Anazarba) [see the map of Arian supporters].

The Greek text below is taken from Opitz’s edition of De synodis (AW 2:244). The translation is that of G. Thompson; See also the translation of D. Robertson (NPNF2 4:458-459) and Hanson (Search, 31).

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[Πρὸ δὲ τοῦ γενέσθαι τὴν ἐν Νικαίᾳ σύνοδονἔγραψεν ….   καὶ ὁ μὲν ἀπὸ τῆς ΝικομηδείαςΕὐσέβιος κατὰ περιττὸν ἔγραψεν Ἀρείῳ ὅτι] Before the Nicene Council met, … Eusebius of Nicomedia wrote in addition to Arius as follows:

Καλῶς φρονῶν εὔχου πάντας οὕτως φρονεῖν. παντὶγὰρ δῆλόν ἐστιν, ὅτι τὸ πεποιημένον οὐκ ἦν πρὶνγενέσθαι. τὸ γενόμενον δὲ ἀρχὴν ἔχει τοῦ εἶναι.  Since you are reasoning properly, pray that everyone will think that same way. For it is clear to everyone that what is made did not exist before it came into being; but what has come into being has a beginning to its existence.

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